Northwest Wisconsin Nordic Trails
American Birkebeiner Trail
Cable, Seeley, & Hayward, Wis.
Trail Options: Point to point Birkie trail from Cable to Hayward, 42km. Point to point Birkie Classic Trail from Cable to Cty. OO, 27km. Numerous loop options between Cty. OO and the North End Cabin Trail Head.
The American Birkebeiner Ski Trail, better known as simply the Birkie Trail, is the big game in town and there's probably not another trail like it in the country. Not only is it a single continuous trail of over 50 kilometers in length, it is without question, one of the most challenging nordic skiing experiences to be found anywhere. The Birkie Trail is literally a superhighway of ski trails. It is uniformly at least 30 feet wide and designed to accommodate as many as 3 skiers a breast. Throughout the season it is groomed for both skating and diagonal stride with one set of tracks on each side. The trail runs from the boundary of Telemark Resort in Cable south to Highway 77 east of Hayward. The total distance is about 42 kilometers. The Birkie Trail is the site of North America's largest cross country ski race, the American Birkebeiner. Annually over 10,00 cross country skiers from across the nation and many foreign countries gather on the last Saturday in February to challenge this trail of trails. The trail is situated on county forest land traversing portions of Bayfield and Sawyer Counties. In fact, there is a point about 8 km south of Cable where the county line is actually marked so you know when you are skiing across the county line. Technically (in Sawyer County) it is known as the Sawyer County Skiing and Hiking Trail. But no one ever refers to it as such, just the Birkie Trail. While the land on which the trail lies is county property, the maintenance and oversight of the trail is handled by the American Birkebeiner Ski Foundation. The Birkie wasn't always a Nordic superhighway, however. In fact, in 1973when the inaugural running of the American Birkebeiner was held, it wasn't much of a trail at all, but rather a series of logging roads, railroad grades, and other barely marked trails. It was groomed and track set by a snowmobile towing a single skier on alpine skis only hours before the first racers were to pass. The first few years the race was held it wasn't much better. In 1976 Tony Wise, founder of Telemark Resort from where the trail originated, worked with the two counties to develop an actual trail. Nordic guru, Sven Wiik, was called in from Colorado Springs to help design and lay out the course. The real Birkie trail then was about 15 feet wide and groomed with two sets of classical tracks. With the coming of the skating revolution in the early '80s, the complexion of the Birkie Trail changed dramatically. The trail was widened to its present width in 1979 to better handle the masses of skiers beginning to use skating technique. Much has changed over the past 40 years on the trail itself - widening, changing sections for better flow, redesigned corners, and warming huts at the north and south ends and midpoint of the trail. The Birkie Trail is one of the truly great ski trails of all time. But in reality it almost feels like several trails in one. While it only crosses three paved roads in its 50 plus kilometers, there are several natural geographic dividers along the way which provide skiers logical points from which to choose where they want to ski. It is all moderately difficult to difficult and each section has is own character and distinguishing features. The trail was originally designed to be skied from north to south, that is with the hills and corners laid out to be best descended in this direction. Over the years, however, it has been modified to be equally skiable in either direction. The hilliest sections are in the north, from roughly the Telemark boundary to the highest point on the trail, 1,700 feet in elevation, near the former site of the Seeley Fire Tower, approximately 14 kilometers south. There is one gut busting hill not far before the Boedecker Road crossing at about 21 km. and another shortly before County Highway OO at approximately 23.5 km. Otherwise, once you pass the high point, though the trail is still very challenging, it becomes quite skiable. South of County OO is some of the most enjoyable skiing on the Birkie Trail. There are still a good amount of hills, but on the whole it's a much more favorable grade. The 14 km. section from OO to Mosquito Brook Road probably receives the most skier traffic throughout the winter. About 6km past Mosquito Brook you reach Rosie's Field, one of the more famous Birkie Trail landmarks and several times the site of the start of the American Birkebeiner in years when snow conditions did not permit a Hayward start. To reach Rosie's you continue to climb and descend including the infamous Bitch Hill - though short, it is every bit as steep and debilitating as its nickname might imply. The final leg from Rosie's is about 5-6 km. and includes a significant climb up Hanson's hill. It is at this point in the Birkebeiner that everyone finally breathes a sigh of relief, for it is literally all downhill from there. The view of Lake Hayward and the city of Hayward in the distance takes away what little breath you have left. In the race you ski across the highway, a field, and Lake Hayward and finally up Main Street to the finish. But on all other occasions, the trail pretty much ends here at Highway 77.It doesn't matter where you ski, it's a safe bet that you will not encounter another trail as physically challenging and as historically significant as the American Birkebeiner trail. While many people prefer smaller, more intimate trails, whether you ski the Birkie or the half-marathon Kortelopet,or just use the trail for touring, it's a place like no other and once you've skied it, it becomes part of you. Beginning in 2008 the Birkie Classic Trail was created to offer a better skiing experience for classic racers during the Birkie. Though groomed for both skate and classic throughout the season, it is tracked with three sets of tracks on raced day. The Birkie Classic spurs off almost immediately after the start and continues independently for 27 km to the County Hwy OO crossing where it merges with the Birkie Trail. In as much as it roughly parallels the Birkie Trail, the Birkie Classic shares similar topography. It has a wonderful flow, with very few herringbone climbs. It is not a dumbed down version of the Birkie Trail, however, and has plenty of challenge. A series of lighted loops are also available at the OO Trailhead.
Ownership: Sawyer and Bayfield County Forests
Management: American Birkebeiner Ski Foundation
Key Partnerships: Hayward Area Ski Trails Association, Seeley Hills Ski Club, North End Ski Club
Facilities: Trail Heads: Fish Hatchery Park - parking, pit toilet, warming building, food/lodging and ski shop nearby; Mosquito Brook - parking, pit toilet; OO - parking, pit toilet, warming building, water, food, Lighted trail
Fees: $10.00 daily/$30.00 annual per vehicle. $50.00 daily per bus ? Fish Hatchery Park, Mosquito Brook, C
Info: 715/ 634-5025, firstname.lastname@example.org
Click Map to enlarge
Fish Hatchery Park: USH 63 one mile north of Hayward to USH 77, east on 77 for 3 miles to Fish Hatchery Rd., turn left and go 1 mile to trail head; Mosquito Brook: From Hayward, take USH 63 north 2.9 |
Landmark dates in the history of Nordic Trails in northwest Wisconsin include 1975 when the United States Cross Country Ski Team including Bill Koch — who would later go on to win a silver medal in the 1976 Olympics – came to Telemark to train, 1978 when the first World Cup cross country ski races were held on the Telemark Trails, and also that year the Worldloppet League, an affiliation of international cross country ski marathons, was formed by Tony Wise at Telemark.
After an auspicious beginning, it wasn’t long before the landscape was dotted with Nordic Trails of all sizes and descriptions, most of which continue to offer pleasant and challenging cross country skiing opportunities today.